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Smart hospital and its benefits One of the areas that has seen significant progress under the influence of digital technologies is health and treatment. The use of systems based on digital technologies and systems and tools that carry the title of intelligence, has played an effective role in improving the process of diagnosis and treatment of various diseases, therefore, given that the medical staff and patients They are ready to embrace technology, it is time for hospitals and medical centers to be equipped with such systems.

The presence of smart technologies in future hospitals undoubtedly promises to enter a new era in the field of treatment and medicine.

In a smart hospital, it is tried to establish various effective communication between hospital departments as well as staff with patients and system management by using various intelligent electronic, control, telecommunication and software systems in the shortest possible time. Interactions are formed between. Therefore, intelligent hospital systems can be divided into two main categories, which will be described in detail below.

  1. Intelligent hospital facilities management systems
  2. Intelligent hospital information systems Benefits of implementing a smart hospital system According to the approach of development and use of new technologies in the field of health and treatment, the benefits of using such facilities can be named as follows:
  • Increasing the quality of services provided to patients and improving the quality of the hospital
  • Reduce time to provide services to patients
  • Store patient information electronically and advanced in hospital data centers
  • Increase the useful life of equipment and reduce maintenance costs
  • Reduce the cost of hospital services
  • Optimizing the use of hospital resources and equipment
  • Optimal management and more accurate use of hospital human resources
  • Increase the level of safety and security of the hospital
  • Reducing energy consumption
  • Reduce human error
  • Increasing the level of awareness of hospital staff and personnel
  • Helping the issue of infection control in order to reduce and optimally control the spread of infection

Intelligent management of medical gases in medical centers

The medical gases required by the hospital include oxygen, anesthetic gas (N2O), vacuum and compressed air. Some other gases, such as CO2 and nitrogen, are also used, which are very low and rare.

Implementing a central medical gas system to control infection, the need to move the capsule, the need for special equipment to produce compressed air such as suction, and ultimately increase maintenance costs are often a priority. Therefore, the management and control of these sectors is of particular importance.

 

 

In traditional systems, it is possible to control manually and sometimes electrically for the valves used in each part of the hospital, as well as gas pressure warning signs in different parts of the hospital, but what is not paid attention to is performance reporting. This is the system and its optimal management. Also, warnings are issued due to pressure drop, which can be prevented by continuous pressure drop by continuous pressure measurement.

Therefore, the control points that can be measured in the medical gas system are divided into three categories.

  • Controlling the condition of central compressed air facilities
  • Control of backup systems
  • Distribution control

Control of the condition of the central compressed air installation

In this section, the following control points are usually considered:

  • Device output pressure
  • Status of system alarms and instant reporting to authorities
  • Status of filters
  • Ambient temperature condition of oxygen generating facilities, compressed air
  • Record alarms and display online in the software

Control of medical gas backup systems

In this section, the following control points are usually considered:

  • Output pressure of backup manifolds
  • Control the output valves of the backup section
  • Check the switching status between backup systems and central installations

Distribution control

In the distribution of medical gases in different parts of the hospital, the possibility of gas leakage due to problems in the outlets and interfaces of the devices is probable, which in case of pressure can affect the entire system and this issue does not occur until the pressure drops completely. The traditional system cannot be tracked and controlled. This and the existence of small leaks in the distribution system, which mostly occur in gas outlets, increase the activity of central facilities, reduce efficiency and increase system depreciation, and ultimately increase maintenance costs. Using the intelligent monitoring and control system in this section, it is possible to check the pressure situation of medical gases on a regular basis, and sometimes when not using the wards, to test for gas leakage or cut off the gas. The control points that can be checked at this price are as follows:

  • Low oxygen pressure
  • High oxygen pressure

Oxygen storage in use

  • Low pressure N2O
  • High pressure N2O
  • N2O storage in use

Abnormal vacuum rate

Abnormally compressed air pressure

  • Control gases anywhere in the event of abnormal pressures
  • Control the gases anywhere if the section is not used
  • Systematic and software gas leak testing and reporting
  • Informing the relevant officials about the events and showing them a moment

 

Ventilation control in hospital interiors

 

In order to control the ventilation system accurately and optimally in order to reduce energy consumption and maintain air balance between departments to prevent the spread of infection, based on the equipment used, the following facilities can be considered in controlling ventilation of hospital interiors. :

 

  • Adjust the temperature of the commons based on the actual temperature requirements, season condition and outside temperature
  • Control of patients’ room temperature from inside the patient’s room and also by a nursing station with the ability to manage from BMS central control system
  • Ability to use integrated smart keys to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections. These keys do not have any gaps or gaps
  • Humidity measurement and control of dehumidification and exhaust fan systems
  • Control the output of the ventilation system when the windows are opened and change its position to Stand By mode to prevent energy loss
  • Control the balance of air currents to prevent the spread of infection
  • Shut off the ventilation system at the time of fire in the fire area to reduce the spread of fire

Proper ventilation of sections and prevention of air stagnation that will reduce infection and bacterial growth

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